Sheep and Goats

sheepgoat

Vaccination Recommendations

 

Mature sheep/ goat:

  •                 Rabies
  •                 *Clostridium Types C &D
  •                 *Tetanus

*Given as a single vaccine “CDT”

Breeding ewe/doe: no vaccines should be administered in the first trimester

  •                 Rabies: prior to breeding or after parturition
  •                 CDT: 4-6 weeks prior to parturition

Kids:

If dam has been vaccinated:

  •                 Rabies: 3 months and then annually (no booster)
  •                 CDT: Administer first dose at 3 months and then booster in 3-4 weeks

If dam has not been vaccinated:

  •                 Rabies: 3 months and then annually (no booster)
  •                 CDT: Administer first dose at 2-4 weeks and booster in 3-4 weeks

Because dehorning is done at a very young age, if a dam received tetanus toxoid 4-6 weeks before parturition, the kid does not need tetanus antitoxin or tetanus toxoid. If the dam is not vaccinated, the kid should receive tetanus antitoxin. 

kidss

Deworming and Parasite Control

Sheep and Goat Annual Deworming Recommendations

Based on the recommendations published by the following organizations:

Agriculture Information Service (ATTRA) and Southern Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control. Sustainable Control of Internal Parasites in Small Ruminant Production. Southern Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control. Smart Drenching and FAMACHA: Integrated Training for Sustainable Control of Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Small Ruminants.

Deworming recommendations have changed in recent years and practitioners have stopped recommending mass deworming of stock at regular intervals. Mass treatment of animals in this fashion has helped breed a population of worms which are resistant to anthelmintics (dewormers). Targeted deworming is now recommended where animals are dewormed based on the results of regularly performed fecal egg counts or on physical examination. For more information on these techniques, specific parasites and helpful management tips for your farm please refer to the website below.

Mature animal: Fecal egg count twice yearly and deworm as instructed

Breeding doe/ ewe: Fecal Egg Count: 4-6 weeks prior to parturition

Young stock: at 3 months and then twice yearly

Moxidectin (Cydectin) should not be used in animals younger than 4 months or in pregnant or breeding animals as appropriate safety studies have not been performed in the U.S.

For further information on specific diseases and vaccine recommendations please refer to:

Agriculture Information Service (ATTRA) and Southern Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control. Sustainable Control of Internal Parasites in Small Ruminant Production. Available HERE

Southern Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control. Smart Drenching and FAMACHA: Integrated Training  for Sustainable Control of Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Small Ruminants. Available HERE