Camelids

Camelid Annual Vaccination Recommendations

Based on recommendations from:

Washington State University College of Veterinary Medicine

Colorado State University College of Veterinary Medicine

 

Adults:

Core vaccines:

  •                Rabies
  •                *Clostridium Types C &D
  •                *Tetanus

*Given as a single vaccine “CDT”

Risk- based vaccines:

  • West Nile Virus
  • Eastern and Western Encephalitis
  • Equine Herpes-Virus

Breeding Females: no vaccines should be administered in the first trimester

  •                 Rabies: prior to breeding or after parturition
  •                 CDT: 4-6 weeks prior to parturition
  •                 Deworming 1 month prior to parturition (larvicidal)

Crias:

If dam has been vaccinated:

  •                 Rabies: 3 months and then annually (no booster)
  •                 CDT: Administer first dose at 3 months and then booster in 3-4 weeks

If dam has not been vaccinated:

  •                 Rabies: 3 months and then annually (no booster)
  •                 CDT: Administer first dose at 2-4 weeks and booster in 3-4 weeks

 

For further information on specific diseases and vaccine recommendations please refer to the following resources:

WashingtonState University

Colorado State University

crias

Deworming and Parasite Control

Based on the recommendations published by the following organizations:

Agriculture Information Service (ATTRA) and Southern Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control. Sustainable Control of Internal Parasites in Small Ruminant Production. Southern Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control. Smart Drenching and FAMACHA: Integrated Training for Sustainable Control of Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Small Ruminants.

 

Deworming recommendations have changed in recent years and practitioners have stopped recommending mass deworming of stock at regular intervals. Mass treatment of animals in this fashion has helped breed a population of worms which are resistant to anthelminitics (dewormers). Targeted deworming is now recommended where animals are dewormed based on the results of regularly performed fecal egg counts or on physical examination. For more information on these techniques, specific parasites and helpful management tips for your farm please refer to the website below.

 

Mature animal: Fecal egg count twice yearly and deworm as instructed

Breeding doe/ ewe: Fecal Egg Count: 4-6 weeks prior to parturition

Young stock: at 3 months and then twice yearly

 

Moxidectin (Cydectin) should not be used in animals younger than 4 months or in pregnant or breeding animals as appropriate safety studies have not been performed in the U.S.

 

Camelids are susceptible to infection with P. tenuis, a meningeal worm. We recommend deworming monthly with Ivermectin from May- Dec. Camelids should also have fecal egg counts performed in the spring and fall.

 

For further information on specific parasites and deworming recommendations please refer to:

Agriculture Information Service (ATTRA) and Southern Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control. Sustainable Control of Internal Parasites in Small Ruminant Production. Available at: http://www.sare.org/Learning-Center/Fact- Sheets/Sustainable-Control-of-Internal-Parasites-in-Small-Ruminant-Production.  Southern Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control. Smart Drenching and FAMACHA: Integrated Training  for Sustainable Control of Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Small Ruminants. Available at: http://www.sare.  org/content/download/73466/1063855/file/SmartDrenchingTrainingManual.pdf.